Uganda

Cooking Stove Outreach and Distribution
Cookstove Outlets in Uganda
Regularly used cookstoves in Uganda

SNV Uganda, Last Mile Intelligence Report
March, 2015

Background

Uganda’s energy consumption matrix stands at about 90% biomass, 7% petroleum products and 2% of electricity produced from hydro and thermal power plants. Only 12% of the total population is estimated to have access to electricity of which only 1% comprises the rural population. People in Uganda depend almost exclusively on dim kerosene-fired lamps for light. Around 95% of the country’s population have to use the expensive and dangerous fuel because they do not have access to the electricity grid ad other modern energy alternatives. To exacerbate the worrying situation, the use of biomass hugely depends on traditional technologies such as three-stone fireplaces that have very low efficiencies (10%-17%). Consequently, communities are facing growing scarcity of access to firewood and charcoal with demand ever increasing while supply remains unsustainable

Government, NGOs, private sector and development partners have been implementing
a number of improved cookstoves (ICS) interventions however, access to ICS remains very low especially in rural [last mile] communities. Most funding for ICS has been through projects and programmes that in the end fail to attain sustainability beyond the implementation period. Consequently, adopters are frustrated after project periods with no access to repair, new ICS and other related services.

SNV in the Energy Sector

SNV has been working in Uganda’s energy sector providing technical support to the Uganda Domestic Biogas Programme. In 2014, SNV expanded its portfolio in renewable energy sector by adding support to scaling up market-based approaches to distribution of improved cookstoves and Pico solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. SNV is working with stakeholders
to develop long-term sustainable market based solutions that will encourage investments from public and private sector stakeholders while scaling up access to ICS and pico solar PV among last mile consumers.

Read the Study: http://stoves.bioenergylists.org/files/snv_market_intelligence_study_rep...

To help encourage more people to start small business bakeries in East Africa we are proudly partnering with to offer comprehensive packages for starting up a small business. They include training on how to use a charcoal oven, baking tins, mixing bowls, business plans, internet registration and even an apron and a hat!

Classes are held just outside of Nairobi past Kikuyu or we can arrange to come to your location (in East Africa).

Learn how to bake healthy cookies, pizza, sweet potato bread, cakes, bread rolls and even roast peanuts to make peanut butter!

Contact cookswelljikos@gmail.com for more information.

baking orange cake in oranges
open day baking class demonstration
tree seeds and charcoal farming demo
one of the posters

A wonderful afternoon with Susan Kamau's Kenya Kitchens Cooking Club. Susan is a Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves Ambassasdor Chef and we very pleased to partner with her to have a open afternoon at UCHUMI SUPERMARKETS LTD to hold a baking demonstration and discussion about energy conservation, clean cooking, nutritional baking as a business and of course healthy delicious eating!

Quad 2 Stove

Paul Anderson, Centre for Research in Energy and Energy Conservation (CREEC)

The Centre for Research in Energy and Energy Conservation (CREEC) is a not-for-profit organization which works “to enhance access to modern types of energy through research, training and consultancy”.

The CREEC offers independent stove testing services, and has recently tested the Quad 2 Stove.

For the full test report and method see the pdf:
http://www.stoves.bioenergylists.org/files/quad_2_stove.pdf

The center tested the Quad 2 Stove and found that:
The Quad stove boils 5L of water in 27 minutes. To boil and simmer 5L of water, it uses 636g of dry wood and has an energy use of 11713kJ. It has a thermal efficiency of 42% during the high power phase and 41% during simmering. It has a turndown ratio of 1.4, an indication that the stove’s firepower can be controlled for different cooking regimes. Its fuel use is considered to achieve significant, measurabe health and environmental goals according to the Lima Consensus Tiers of stove ranking.

With regards to safety, the stove scored 77.5% and is rated GOOD and is considered a Substantial Improvement according to the Lima Consensus Tiers of stove ranking.

File attachments: 

D. Ariho, P. Tumutegyereize and K. Bechtel, Uganda December 2010

The Project was concerned with the evaluation of the energy efficiencies of commonly available biomass
fuels in Uganda in a “Champion-2008” Top Lit Updraft (TLUD) gasifier stove. Selected biomass fuels included; Eucalyptus wood from plantations, maize cobs (agro-waste), papyrus, spear grass, noncarbonized briquettes (agro-waste and sawdust) and off-grade jatropha seeds. Moisture content
measurement of biomass fuels was determined using oven-dry method. The energy efficiencies of the
biomass fuels in the “Champion-2008” TLUD gasifier stove lied between 12 and 19%. Maize cobs had the highest energy efficiency of 18.40% and spear grass had the lowest of 12.64%. Maize cobs and papyrus were not significantly different from Eucalyptus wood. Non-carbonized briquettes and off-grade jatropha seeds had a higher operation time compared to the rest of the selected biomass fuels though faced with a problem of higher starting time but able to perform when started. The results obtained indicate that a variety of biomass fuels in Uganda can perform well in the “Champion-2008” TLUD gasifier stove, thus the need for adoption to combat deforestation problem.

See the attached report
http://www.bioenergylists.org/files/BIOMASS FUELS IN A TLUD GASIFIER STOVE.pdf (in pdf) for more detail.

Using a TLUD for Pasteurization at the Paramount Dairy in Uganda
John and Charles Anglin, Uganda, October 19, 2009
Pasteurization of 450Lts Milk Complete after 1.5hrs
Pasteurization of 450Lts Milk Complete after 1.5hrs

John and Charles Anglin have built an institutional / industrial size TLUD for pasteurization at their Paramount Dairy in Uganda. Their 2-page report with 4 photos describes and shows the TLUD and the 450 liter milk-vat. The fuel is papyrus reeds. This report is about a "work-in-progress," and they have given permission to post it to the Stoves Website. The Anglin's can be reached via the Stoves Listserv.

Courtesy of Paul Anderson

Carbon Credit Monitoring
David Mukisa, Uganda Stove Manufacturers Limited (Ugastove), November 2007
UgastoveUgastove
PCIA Africa Regional Workshop, Pretoria, Oct--Nov 2007

BACKGROUND
•Uganda Stove Manufacturers Ltd (UGASTOVE) was until recently called UCODEA, short for Urban Community Development Agencies.
•It is a progressive improved stove business based in Kampala, Uganda, producing and selling both household and institutional stoves
•Name was changed to ease recognition and distinction as we look forward to branding/ patenting.

The stove project benefited from a US EPA grant in 2004-2006, which funded the construction of production infrastructure, perfection of stove design,
IAP monitoring, market research, part of the KPT costs, and design of business development processes to support the commercialization of the product.
Project won an award for the effort in stove design and improvement at the 3rd Biennial PCIA Workshop in Bangalore, India, March 2007.

Successful IAP monitoring was done according to CEIHD monitoring protocols (Preliminary data shows that UGASTOVE’swood burning stove reduces CO by 54% and PM 2.5by 49%)

KPT successfully done in 2006, follow up in 2007 (Field tests show that the stoves reduce the consumption of fuel by 38-58% compared to traditional stoves).

Lab GHG emissions tests carried out at UCB, enabled the drafting of the PDD based on the scientific data gathered during the said surveys.

Carbon credit program was launched in February 2005 at UC Berkeley, with the intention of registering the credits on the Gold Standard for VER.

In March 2007, the first consultative meeting was held in Kampala as required for the Gold Standard projects

In partnership with CEIHD, a monitoring plan was drafted and forwarded for approval on the Gold Standard.

See attached.

See also:

THE GOLD STANDARD:Project Design Document for Gold Standard Voluntary Offset projects 12-05-08.

THE GOLD STANDARD:
Project Design Document for Gold Standard Voluntary Offset projects, July 2007

More Ugandans making environmentally-friendly decisions. Touch FM

Bylaw Stove, Northern Uganda
Ahmed Hood, August 27, 2008
Bylaw StoveBylaw Stove

Pls find attached a photo of the bylaw stove from Uganda. It is a traditional stove used in North Uganda. It three trenches dug in the ground to give the shape of 3-stone opern fire, then plasted with a mixture of clay and dung.

with regards

Ahmed Hood

The forgotten ‘victim’ of the northern Uganda war
Gladys Oroma, Daily Monitor Only, Uganda June 4, 2008, http://www.monitor.co.ug

In times of war, what concerns people most are the effects of the insurgency on the people, not its effects on the environment among others things.

The war however, in northern Uganda has had severe effects on the environment, says a new report. Due to the conflict, there has been a change in the land cover over the last 18 years. The remote sensing analysis report shows that small-scale woodland covers have increased in the area in the past years.

According to the 2005 report, the woodland vegetation cover increase occurred in the districts of Kitgum, Gulu, Pader, Adjumani and Moyo while a significant decline in the woodland cover was registered in the districts of Apac, Kotido, Lira and Moroto.

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