Charcoal

World Food Program sets out to start the save stoves initiative. The initiative is focused on refugees and other poor women, and highlights the need for stoves to reduce time spent gathering firewood.

Initiative highlights:
"WFP’s Safe Access to Firewood and Alternative Energy in Humanitarian Settings (SAFE) project will scale up distribution of fuel-efficient and “improved mud” stoves to assist almost 100,000 women in North Darfur. These stoves consume less firewood and lower health risks associated with smoke."

"In Uganda, WFP will focus on refugees and pastoralists in the drought-hit Karamoja region. It will provide more than 35,000 households and 50 schools with fuel-efficient stoves, as well as helping women to find other sources of income."

http://www.wfp.org/stories/wfp-launches-safe-stoves-initiative

Research Report on BACIP Wood Stoves for High Mountain Areas
Designs for Traditional Houses in the Northern Areas, Including Warm Water Facility
BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMME - BACIP
Aga Khan Planning and Building Services, Pakistan
Sjoerd Nienhuys, BACIP Programme Director, Gilgit, Pakistan, November 2000

BACIP
BACIP

Foreword

The Building and Construction Improvement Programme (BACIP), operating in the Northern Areas of Pakistan, is a project under the Aga Khan Planning and Building Services, Pakistan (AKPBSP). The programme is financed by PAKSID, a collaboration between the Canadian International Development Aid (CIDA) and the Aga Khan Development Network. The BACIP Programme Director is contracted through the Netherlands International Development Co-operation Programme (DGIS). BACIP works in co-operation with other Aga Khan Development Network Institutions (AKDNI) in the Northern Areas and Chitral, Pakistan. During 1999 and 2000 some 40 staff members, consisting of architects, engineers and social workers, have been involved in the BACIP programme activities. In addition, more than 200 village-based male and female resource persons assist on a voluntary basis in the implementation of the programme.

The present programme (to end-December 2000) consists of the development and introduction of house improvements (more than 40 different types) for traditional and new houses which are useful for villages in remote areas. Technology and skills development among local entrepreneurs has been initiated to enhance the delivery of the house improvements locally. Participatory cluster and village planning is a part of the process as well and community discussions have begun for determining appropriate housing locations to avoid building in geographically hazardous areas. Parallel to these mainstream activities, attention has been given to the design of new schools. As many of the technologies being applied in the new school designs can also be applied in houses, the demonstration effect would have a high impact on the youth and future house builders.

The present report gives an overview of the different types of stoves that have been developed by BACIP. The designs are improvements upon the existing stoves in terms of durability, cost, fuel efficiency and manufacturing techniques. The designs have been repeatedly modified to suit the needs and acceptability of the people.

The BACIP stove (buchari) has been developed on the basis of the AKPBSP (formerly the Aga Khan Housing Board) buchari which was introduced about seven years ago and more than 10,000 installed in the region. The new models have been fitted with various options, such as the top-oven, improved chimney, warm water facility and various chapatti plates for making bread.

See: http://www.bioenergylists.org/stovesdoc/Nienhuys/Stoves-Research-Pakista...

Laboratory Comparison of the Global-Warming Potential of Six Categories of Biomass Cooking Stoves

Wood Charcoal Gasifier Stove
Alexis Belonio and Djoewito Atmowidjojo, August 6, 2007

Controlling the smokes and the gases in Ring Kiln
Yinka R.Adewumi, Congo, April 2005

[img_assist|nid=1727|title=Nigeria Ring Kiln|desc=|link=node|align=left|width=400|height=300]

[img_assist|nid=1560|title=Charcoal Extruder|desc=|link=node|align=left|width=200|height=133]

A charcoal extruder made by MIT, Amy Smith et al.

First Announcement for the Expert Consultation: Sustainable Charcoal Production, Trade and Use in Europe 5 - 6 June 2007, Zagreb, Croatia
Miguel Trossero, FAO, March 24, 2007

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