TLUD

Grass Tablet Biochar
4 cm Grass Tablets
Household Grill modified with an iCan reactor

The grass tablet biochar (pyrolytic carbon) shown above was made in an iCan TLUD
with a variable speed blower. This charcoal was air quenched and is thus bone dry.
When wet, it is very soft and can be formed to fit a variety of shapes. I have found, for
example, that grass tablet biochar saturated with cold water is effective at reducing the
pain of burns.

The following pages illustrate some of the ways the above biochar was made.
Note: Grass biochar will be ashy as grass has considerably more ash content that
wood

Grass tablets broken into short sections prior to being loaded into the fuel chamber of
the iCan reactor.
These tablets were made from field grass about 3 years ago in Shelburne, VT. Note
that the longest fibers are about the length of the diameter of the tablet. Shorter is
better.
These tablets are about 4 cm in diameter.

Download the attached Grass Tablet Biochar How To for detailed Reactor photographs and answers to questions posed to Jock by the stoves community.

The Tin Shed Rotary program in Labardore, Goldcoast, Queensland Australia has been making Wood gas stoves out of old gas bottles and shipping them to Vanuatu. The last picture is the people of Vanuatu with their stoves.

More detail is in the captions or contact
David Bramham
dgbramham@optusnet.com.au

Flip Anderson, Haiti Rocket Stove
Aprovecho StoveTec
Mayon Turbo Rice Husk Stove
BioLite Camp Stove
BioLite Camp Stove in Christa Roth's Demonstration House

(Thanks to Ben Sloan!) the presentations are posted on the ETHOS website: http://www.vrac.iastate.edu/ethos/proceedings2013.html

Save the Date!: ETHOS 2014, it will be at Northwest University in Kirkland, Washington on January 24 - 26, 2014.

I have been looking into hand and foot powered tools and machinery for working sheet metal and light gauge sections. Attached is the presentation I've put together so far. It is a work in progress.

read the full pdf:
http://stoves.bioenergylists.org/files/metal_working_tools_and_machines.pdf

Quad 2 Stove

Paul Anderson, Centre for Research in Energy and Energy Conservation (CREEC)

The Centre for Research in Energy and Energy Conservation (CREEC) is a not-for-profit organization which works “to enhance access to modern types of energy through research, training and consultancy”.

The CREEC offers independent stove testing services, and has recently tested the Quad 2 Stove.

For the full test report and method see the pdf:
http://www.stoves.bioenergylists.org/files/quad_2_stove.pdf

The center tested the Quad 2 Stove and found that:
The Quad stove boils 5L of water in 27 minutes. To boil and simmer 5L of water, it uses 636g of dry wood and has an energy use of 11713kJ. It has a thermal efficiency of 42% during the high power phase and 41% during simmering. It has a turndown ratio of 1.4, an indication that the stove’s firepower can be controlled for different cooking regimes. Its fuel use is considered to achieve significant, measurabe health and environmental goals according to the Lima Consensus Tiers of stove ranking.

With regards to safety, the stove scored 77.5% and is rated GOOD and is considered a Substantial Improvement according to the Lima Consensus Tiers of stove ranking.

File attachments: 
Understanding Stoves Book Cover

Understanding Stoves is book about stoves written by Dr N Sai Bhaskar Reddy. This book is declared as 'Open Knowledge', Published by MetaMeta, Netherlands

http://www.metameta.nl/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Understandin...
or
http://www.metameta.nl/ link found in Home Page

File attachments: 

Muhammad Nurhuda from the Physics Department, Brawijaya University
in Malang, Indonesia

They have developed a various biomass stoves ( Kompor Biomass ) The fuels also vary from chopped woods/twigs, pellet, palm kernel shell, hazelnut kernel shell, corncob, etc..

And they have a nice collection of YouTube videos:

All stoves presented above are of TLUD types, but the combustion is improved by using pre-heating and counter-flow burning mechanism. The one intended for palm kernel shell utilizes diffused-combustion mechanism, in addition to pre-heating and counter flow mechanism.

The latest one

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b70z9-0nK6E

is devoted for institutional cook stove or small restaurants.

Very recently, we have also developed a new rocket stove. The combustion in this new rocket stove is improved by introducing counter-flow burning mechanism.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kID0YL6TyqA

New video and print resources available at www.aqsolutions.org.

Contamination of drinking water sources by synthetic organic compounds (SOCs – e.g. pesticides, pharmaceuticals, fuel compounds, etc.) is a growing worldwide problem. Many of these chemicals bio-accumulate in the human body and cause cancer, birth defects and diseases of the reproductive system, and disrupt endocrine and neurological systems. However, few low-cost, sustainable and appropriate treatment technologies are available to rural and developing communities for SOC removal.

Water filtration using charcoal is an ancient practice that continues today in non-industrialized regions around the world, though it has not yet been rigorously demonstrated for removal of modern industrial pollutants. Unfortunately, charcoal production by traditional kiln systems is often a resource-intensive and highly polluting process, and kiln processes are typically not optimized for production of good water filter char. Low cost, energy efficient, environmentally sustainable and scalable local production of optimal water filter char can be accomplished with biomass gasification (e.g. cookstoves and larger units using the TLUD design).

The video and print resources available on the Aqueous Solutions website (www.aqsolutions.org) are intended to

  1. summarize current results of collaborative field and laboratory research pertaining to the use of traditional kiln charcoals and gasifier chars in decentralized water treatment that targets SOCs,
  2. provide instructional materials for construction and operation of small- and intermediate- scale gasifier char production units using local materials, and
  3. provide instructional materials for integration of biochar filtration into a multi-barrier small- and intermediate- scale water treatment systems constructed from inexpensive and widely available materials.
Stove schematic
building the stoves
testing the stoves

Stephen Joseph, Do Duc Khoi, Tran Manh Hung, Mai Thi Lan Anh, Nguyen Van Hien, Nguyen Hong Hanh, Hoang Huu Dung

SEM Images C. Chia and with the University of New South Wales

Please Read the Original Slide Presentation
http://stoves.bioenergylists.org/files/development_of_tlud_cookstoves_and_drum_ovens_in_north_vietnam_0.pdf

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