Charcoal Production

What Factors Influence Charcoal Quality?
Tom Miles

Temperature

100C -> Wood drying 19 MJ/kg

220C -> Wood becomes brown
250-270C-> Torrefaction 28% fixed carbon, 72% volatile 23.9 MJ/kg
280C -> Wood becomes deep brown-black

Review of Technologies for the Production and Use of Charcoal
Daniel M. Kammen & Debra J. Lew March 1 2005

Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory Report

Renewable Carbon Links to Biomass Charcoal and Activated Carbon on the Renewable Energy Policy Project (REPP) Website. Air Jordan 30.5 Shoes

JFWasteEnergy Pyrolysis Plant, John Flottvik, JF Waste Energy Systems Ltd., British Columbia, Canada, May 2006

Continuous Carbonization System CCS_INTT, Burundi, Chris Adam, Appropriate Technologist and Designer, Germany Revised April 2006

Flash Carbonization of Biomass Kazuhiro Mochidzuki, Lloyd S. Paredes, and Michael J. Antal, Jr. Hawaii Natural Energy Institute, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822

Karbotek, Estcourt, South Africa www.karbotek.com 2004 Charcoal and Activated Carbon

JF Bioenergy Mobile Demonstration unit Boston Bar, BC Canada, John Flottvik, July 2005

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