Commercialised stove production in Sri Lanka – 300000 stoves a year - A success story.
R.M.Amerasekera, Executive Director, Integrated Development Association (IDEA) Sri Lanka 2005
Since the inception of improved cook stove(ICS) program in Sri Lanka in early 1970s it has gone through several stages during its long journey. The period can be broadly divided into three phases of development.
(1) Design and testing phase 1970-1985
(2) Promotion & dissemination 1985-1991
(3) Commercialisation phase 1991–2005.
During this period of development, several stakeholders from government and non-government organisations participated, and the objectives changed from a narrow focus on firewood conservation to a more integrated-development approach. The present design is an one piece two-pot clay stove, which can be used alone or with a mud-insulated covering as desired by the user according to its needs.
About 750000 stoves have been disseminated during the subsidised phase from 1985 – 1991 with the support of the government and several donor
agencies mainly the DGIS (Royal Netherlands Government). The stove promoted during this phase,which was a two pot mud insulated with a pottery liner required a skilled stove-installer. It was developed by the “Sarvodaya”, a leading NGO. It turned out, however, that it was difficult to promote a heavy mass stove as a marketable product.
That is why this model was later modified into a twopot single piece clay stove, which is the present stove called “Anagi”. It was the model used in the commercialisation phase initiated in 1991 by the Integrated Development Association (IDEA) with technical assistance from the ITDG and funding from the ODA. The stove is designed to cater for the cooking needs of an average family of 6 people.