SUSTAINABLE CHARCOAL PRODUCTION IN SOUDANESE ZONE OF SENEGAL (SUCPROS)

SUSTAINABLE CHARCOAL PRODUCTION IN SOUDANESE ZONE OF SENEGAL (SUCPROS)
INSTITUT SENEGALAIS DE RECHERCHES AGRICOLES (ISRA) / CENTRE NATIONAL DE RECHERCHES FORESTIERES (CNRF) 1995

Objectives
The PROJECT (SUCPROS) proposes to accompany the PROGEDE by developing models of sustainable charcoal production which ensure the perenniality of natural forest formations and a significant carbon sequestration, and by the implication of local populations in the management of forest formations concerned. It will be a question of directing a part of the charcoal production towards the irrigated systems of Senegal river valley where conclusive tests were led with two fast growth woody species: Leucaena leucocephala and Eucalyptus camaldulensis

The charcoal supply from natural formations is likely in the long run to exhaust the potential of production; the production of charcoal under irrigation, while drawing left hydro-agricultural installations from the Management and Exploitation Society for Senegal Delta River (SAED), remains an extremely interesting alternative having to cover the great agglomerations needs. The development of this intensive ligniculture on autonomous units remains a requirement in the context of Senegal River Dams. It will also be a question of integrating trees in irrigated farming systems.

The SUCPROS proposes to introduce hedgerows of Leuceana and Eucalyptus in the 80 000 ha managed by SAED in the Senegal river valley for a sustainable reabsorbing of Charcoal production gap, and for carbon sequestration in the soil-plant system of managed areas and in the natural forest formations of Tamba and Kolda because of the least pressure induced by the production of Charcoal in the valley.