The Urban Household Energy Transition
Energy, Poverty, and the Environment in the Developing World
Douglas F. Barnes, Kerry Krutilla, and William Hyde
This book develops a comprehensive assessment of the evolution of
residential fuel choice and consumption in urban areas in the developing world,
and the effect of urban growth on periurban forest resources. The research is basedon an comprehensive analysis of a series of household energy surveys performed under the auspices of the Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme (ESMAP) of the World Bank From 1984-2000, this program produced more than 25,000 household energy surveys in 45 cities spanning 12 countries and 3 continents. Additionally, GIS mapping software was used to compile a data base of site specific vegetation patterns surrounding a sub-sample of 34 cities. Taken together, the energy surveys and the biomass data contained sufficiently wide variation in urban fuel choice and consumption patterns, local resource conditions, and energy policy regimes to enable an assessment of the factors underlying the evolution of urban fuel utilization and forest resources. By comparing the patterns of energy use of a large number of cities, we were able to distill a comprehensive picture of both the diversity underlying the energy transition and the fundamental principles applying across cases.