150 Gasifier

On February 22, 2012 I did three boiling tests.

The first test was carried out on a normal propane gas burner that I have in my kitchen.

http://youtu.be/w8OdW_GEhWo
Here it took 6 minutes and 6 seconds to bring one liter of water to a boil.
The burner shown in this video is a very efficient premix gas burner.
But since it operates solely by means of convection, its performance is not optimal.

The second test was carried out using the 150 gasifier:

http://youtu.be/jK3UTe1Lxqk
Here it took 3 minutes and 42 seconds to bring one liter of water to a boil.
Note that the same pan without a lid was used in these two boiling tests.
Here heat is transferred by both convection and thermal radiation.

The third test was carried out using an insulated electric water kettle, as shown here:
http://dl.dropbox.com/u/22013094/150%20Gasifier/Boiling/IMG_1042.JPG
Here it took 3 minutes and 25 seconds to bring one liter of water to a boil.
In this way I was able to compare the two previous results
with what could be considered to be the fastest way to boil water in a kitchen setting.

I wonder if you have found any technical design literature for this added radiative mesh? (Materials, wire diameters and spacing, etc?)

I have no theoretical understanding with regard to what is happening with the wire mesh dome.
I tried flat wire mesh, and this did not work at all.
The wire mesh has to be in the form of a dome to accommodate the small diffusion tail that you see here:
http://youtu.be/WXZvvoxCm1g

I tried wire meshes of various apertures.
If the aperture of the wire mesh is too big, the flames are not contained properly under the dome.
If the burning of gases takes place above the dome, the dome does not turn red hot.
This week I will experiment with much finer wires and apertures.

Also, if I turn down the primary air to a point where much less gas is produced,
combustion no longer takes place at the burner holes but within the apex of the dome.
Here a most unusual but stable cloud of burning gases is formed.

The wire mesh dome quite nicely protects the gas being combusted from disturbance by the wind.
Previously when the wind would hit the burner without the wire mesh dome, it would move the flames in all directions.
Often it left in its wake a lot of unburned gases.

I think that thermal radiation travels down to the burner and keeps it hotter than before.
I suppose that as hot gases hug the underside of the red hot dome,
gas temperature prior to combustion is higher than before.
The wire mesh dome not only emits thermal radiation,
but it also traps fine cinders that are emitted by the burner.

It will take many more months of experimenting and testing to understand a bit better what is happening here.

Thanks.
Paul Olivier

This is a TLUD forced air gasifier in operation on rice hulls.

Here you see the burner with burner housing:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nZDt8DfgSls&feature=channel
http://youtu.be/WXZvvoxCm1g

When a wire mesh dome is placed on top of the burner and burner housing,
this roughly doubles the amount of heat being transferred to a pot:
http://youtu.be/7fnGem9BQ7Q
http://youtu.be/yO3jcbQj-GI
http://youtu.be/2c6A6BVitpE

Here it took 3 minutes and 42 seconds to bring a liter of water to a boil:
http://youtu.be/jK3UTe1Lxqk
http://youtu.be/80REBVTwpMo

For more details on this gasifier, see:
http://esrla.com/pdf/landfill_06.pdf